Graham Automobile History In A Capsule
By Greg Zyla
Q: Greg, I recently discovered there was a car called the Graham, and since I share that name and have always been a “car guy,” I was wondering if you could give any information on the Graham?
I’m incarcerated and not able to pursue this, so any help is appreciated. Respectfully, Laurence Graham, 312435, Cotton Correction Facility, 3510 N. Elm St., Jackson, MI. 49201.
A: Laurence, I’d be happy to. Three brothers with backgrounds in farm equipment production, namely Ray, Joseph, and Robert Graham, are the catalyst behind the Graham automobile. This trio moved up the Dodge corporate ladder and by 1926 was totally in charge of Dodge’s truck assembly plant.
In 1927, the brothers decided to branch out themselves and purchased the faltering Paige Motor Company. The first Graham car was dubbed a “Graham Paige,” released in 1928, and the Graham cars continued along through 1941 (although the Paige badge disappeared in 1931).
With the “Crash of 1929” at hand, Graham sales numbers hit an all-time high of 77,000 that year. In 1930, the Grahams released both six cylinder and inline eight cylinder models, including a beautiful long wheelbase 137-inch “Custom Eight Town Car.” Sales, however, dropped to less than 40,000 cars as the depression era was in high gear.
By 1932, sales plummeted to just over 12,000 units as all manufacturers struggled. In 1934, hoping to reverse a poor sales trend, the Grahams introduced a supercharged eight cylinder for just $1,295. They also hired Erwin “Cannonball” Baker, a well known car and motorcycle racer from the era, to drive the car cross-country in less than 54 hours. His accomplishment certified the Graham supercharger’s endurance.
Still, sales struggled.
By 1936, the Grahams offered only six-cylinder cars and were still in declining financial health. They even sold their 1935 tooling to Datsun/Nissan in Japan, but even with the Nissan cash infusion the company lost over $1-million that year.
By 1937-38, things were still shaky at the company, and even a new “sharknose” Blue Streak didn’t help as only 5,020 cars were sold. Joe Graham then partnered up with Norman DeVaux, who had purchased 1937 Cord 810/812 tooling, followed by linking with the Hupp Automobile Company in a joint venture to save all companies involved. Thus, the Hupp Skylark and Graham Hollywood were identical cars, and debuted in 1939 and 1940, respectively.
Neither car helped or sold well, although both were beauties.
Hupp then closed it’s doors early in 1940 and finally Graham called it quits in the fall of 1940. However, Joseph Graham survived as World War II found the Graham company receiving close to $20-million in defense contracts to build needed war equipment.
In 1944, Joseph Frazer, of soon to be Kaiser-Frazer fame, bought Graham’s company and released it’s first car, the Frazer-Graham sold in 1946-47. From then on, Frazer hooked up with Kaiser car manufacturing, and the Graham name was gone for good.
There you have it Laurence . . .and good luck in the future.
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Originally posted on Wednesday, July 17th, 2013 at 11:48 am
Category: Auto Round-Up News